Analytical Tools
Page print 



Empirical Analysis using Household and Micro-level Datasets

Formal empirical analysis of the social impact of crises, policy adjustments and other economic events is typically underpinned by an ex- post analysis using nationally representative household survey data.

Social Budget Tracking and Analysis

Social budget tracking and analysis tools monitor the extent of priority and protection given to public budget items and can influence government policies in favour of allocations to children and families.

A Child Rights Lens for Poverty and Social Impact Analyses (PSIAs)

Poverty and Social Impact Analyses, PSIAs, are aimed at facilitating an ex-ante understanding of the potential distributional impacts of a given policy reform. Child rights centered PSIAs, add a child focus to these impact assessments, as tools specifically designed to promote more child sensitive real-time policy making.

Infant Mortality During Crises and Recovery

This research was undertaken within the context of the work by UNICEF's Department of Policy and Practice (DPP) on the impact of the global financial crisis on children. The paper starts with a desk review of the literature on the impact of economic downturn on infant mortality. Drawing on this, it examines the possible impact of the global economic crisis on child mortality. While there is scope for further improvement in understanding the links between economic trends and infant mortality, the available empirical evidence suggests that children face grave risks if the social impacts of the global slowdown are not mitigated. There is also a risk that the global slowdown can undermine recent progress in reducing infant mortality.

The analysis and evidence presented in the working paper underscore several key areas for policy responses: providing humanitarian relief, including health and nutrition interventions to the most hard-hit and vulnerable groups; expanding social protection to the poorest and most vulnerable; and resuscitating growth in a way that is pro-poor and ensures that the recovery of household incomes-notably among the poor and low income households-is robust and sustained.The main message for policymakers is that, based on empirical evidence related to past crises, the potential impact of the present crisis on infant mortality can be made less severe by implementing policies that protect children and women and ensure sufficient social investments in the first place.


  1. Infant Mortality During Economic Downturns and Recoveries (2009)
    Authors: Mendoza, R., and N. Rees
    Social and Economic Policy Working Paper No. 2009-10, UNICEF Division of Policy and Practice, New York