Analytical Tools
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Empirical Analysis using Household and Micro-level Datasets

Formal empirical analysis of the social impact of crises, policy adjustments and other economic events is typically underpinned by an ex- post analysis using nationally representative household survey data.

Social Budget Tracking and Analysis

Social budget tracking and analysis tools monitor the extent of priority and protection given to public budget items and can influence government policies in favour of allocations to children and families.

A Child Rights Lens for Poverty and Social Impact Analyses (PSIAs)

Poverty and Social Impact Analyses, PSIAs, are aimed at facilitating an ex-ante understanding of the potential distributional impacts of a given policy reform. Child rights centered PSIAs, add a child focus to these impact assessments, as tools specifically designed to promote more child sensitive real-time policy making.

Intended and Unintended Consequences of Social Protection on School Droupout in Post-Crisis Indonesia

This work has been developed as part of a broad policy research programme within UNICEF, to analyse the impact of economic crises on children and to help assess and design policy responses that protect the vulnerable and preserve investments in the social sectors.

The research uses data from the Village Potential Statistics (PODES), which involved 63, 000 villages-surveyed in 1996 and 2000, to show the lessons that can be learned in responding to an economic crisis from Indonesia’s social safety net programme or Jaring Pengaman Sosial (JPS). It focuses on the JPS scholarship component, analysing its impact on primary and secondary school dropout at the community level. Findings were that the scholarship programme reduces the chance of dropout in primary school but not in junior secondary school. Participation in the government employment-creation programmes is significantly and positively correlated with dropout, suggesting that if given the opportunity junior secondary school students will drop out of school in order to take on work and support their families.


  1. Ha, W., and R. Mendoza (2010), "Intended and Unintended Consequences of Social Protection on School Dropout in Post-Crisis Indonesia"Journal of International Development, vol. 22, no.8, pp. 1115-1133