Tracking Public Expenditure and Assessing Service Quality in Early Childhood Development (ECD) in South Africa
Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys (known as PETS) are designed to observe diversion of fiscal spending in moving funds from higher levels of government through multiple administrative layers to the point of service delivery. PETS requires matching financial information obtained from a survey of specific institutions to fiscal data on the allocation of resources to these same institutions, in order to measure leakage of funds away from the purposes these were originally intended for. This requires both good fiscal data and a survey that accurately captures spending at the level of the institutions surveyed. UNICEF, the Department of Social Development, the Department of Education and the National Treasury commissioned the survey reported on here in ECD facilities in three provinces, with quite different social and economic situations, reflecting a broad spectrum of experiences in ECD.