Nepal: Quarterly Monitoring Reports Assessing the Impact on Education of the 3F Crisis
Much of the world has experienced three interrelated crises (food, fuel and finance—the 3Fs) since 2007, with both developed and developing countries suffering their impacts at different levels. The onset of the 3F crisis was anticipated to have an impact on children’s education in many parts of the world. Less financial means would call for coping mechanisms at the family level, including reduced spending on educational expenses, which would in turn result in lower school attendance of children or their removal from school, so that they can contribute to the household budget through work in the home, field or labour market.
Since April 2009, the 3F crisis Quarterly Monitoring Reports (QMRs) have been assessing the impact of the financial, fuel and food crises on children's education in Nepal. The monitoring system has been facilitated by Research Inputs and Development Action (RIDA), with support from UNICEF Nepal and in coordination with the Department of Education, District Education Offices, and schools. Each of the QMRs focuses on a specific aspect of the impact of the crisis on education, where as the monitoring mechanism involves three major components: household, school and community-level monitoring.
Household-level monitoring is undertaken through analyzing the Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (VAM) survey data collected by the World Food Programme, where as school-level monitoring involves collection of information from 22 schools located in 11 districts (Humla, Tanahun, Achham, Mugu, Bajura, Jumla, Dadeldhura, Kapilvastu, Parsa, Saptari, Panchthar) through District Education Offices. Community-level monitoring involves field visits to two districts every three months and the holding of focus group discussions with mothers, children, and teachers.
The QMRs which have been produced so far, since the beginning of the project in April 2009, are found in the 'Documents' section below.